No one wants to think about complications when they undergo surgery. While most surgeries are statistically safe, they all come with risks. Unfortunately, some common surgeries and medical procedures have high mortality rates. After reviewing medical research, there’s no denying the risks. These 16 common surgeries have high death rates, ordered from least to most risky. But first we optimistically remind you why surgery may change your life for the better.
The benefits of surgery
Obviously, the benefits of surgery typically outweigh the risks. Always arm yourself with information and talk to your doctor when considering a procedure. It’s crucial that you trust your doctor — and it’s perfectly acceptable to get a second opinion. If you need one of the following procedures, don’t panic; just know the risks.
Next: You don’t want this procedure done in vain.
Liposuction seems like a dream come true, but for some, it’s a nightmare. Risks include systemic infections, perforation in the stomach wall, blood clots, and fat clogs in the lungs. An old study showed a death rate of about 20 in every 100,000 patients who underwent liposuction between 1994 and 1998.
Next: This complicated procedure requires time in the ICU.
15. Septal myotomy
When done successfully, this surgery reduces the thickening of the heart muscles. The procedure is quite complicated, and you’ll have to spend time in the ICU if you survive. Fortunately this surgery has a low mortality rate of only 0.4% in the first 30 days afterward.
Next: This helpful procedure is extremely risky.
14. Gastric bypass
Gastric bypass surgery helps a lot of people, but doctors warn patients about its risks, especially because the patients carry so much excess weight. Those who choose to have the surgery also have an increased risk for complications with anesthesia, because it’s often difficult to insert the tube into their airways. You should still approach this surgery with caution, although the mortality rate is less than 0.5%.
Next: A good reason to stay as healthy as possible
13. Coronary bypass
Your risks associated with a coronary bypass largely depend on your age and fitness level. The death rate is a mere 1% for those under 65, but it increases with age.
Next: This surgery commonly has scary complications.
12. Partial colectomy
A partial colectomy is performed when a patient is diagnosed with colon cancer, Crohn’s disease, precancerous polyps, or intestinal trauma. The mortality rate isn’t terrible (5.33%), but unfortunately, complications are common — some of which can be fatal.
Next: A staggering 42% of people see complications from this procedure.
11. Stomach ulcer surgery
According to a recent study, the mortality rate for stomach ulcer surgery is 6.8%, with 42% of those who went under the knife experiencing complications. Luckily, surgery on stomach ulcers is much less common than it used to be.
Next: Recovery is extremely painful after this procedure.
10. Spinal osteomyelitis surgery
Antibiotics take care of most spinal infections, so requiring spinal osteomyelitis surgery is quite unusual. However, when you need it, the complex procedure will remove the spine’s infected disk or disks. The recovery is painful, and the mortality rate is estimated to be about 6.9%.
Next: This surgery requires delicate physical reconstruction.
An open esophagectomy, or esophageal resection, is a type of surgery in which a part of the esophagus or the entire esophagus is removed. With a mortality rate of about 6-7%, the procedure carries a lot of risk due to the reconstruction of the area between the stomach and the healthy part of the esophagus.
Next: Doctors will only perform this dangerous procedure in emergencies.
8. Surgical ventricular restoration
This surgery is great at stopping heart failure in its tracks, but there’s a reason it’s utilized for emergencies only. The mortality rate is still 8% even though improvements have occurred over the years.
Next: A little organ with scary surgery risks
Having your pancreas removed is a pretty risky procedure. While the mortality rate has decreased in recent years, there’s still a 5-10% chance of death when you go under the knife.
Next: Experts deem this surgery the most burdensome.
6. Removal of part of the large intestine
The most burdensome emergency surgery involves removing part of the large intestine, which has a 16.9% mortality rate. The most common reason for this procedure is a symptom called volvulus, meaning the large intestine twists itself into a knot and creates a blockage.
Next: This common procedure killed a politician.
5. Gallbladder removal
Doctors consider taking out a patient’s gallbladder a routine surgery. Doctors perform over 500,000 such procedures each year in the U.S. And while death from the surgery is somewhat rare, it does happen. In 2010, Democratic Rep. John Murtha died after complications from the procedure. The mortality varies depending on whether the surgery is elective or an emergency. An emergency cholecystectomy is “as high as 19% in ill elderly patients,” according to the New York Times.
Next: A surgery to manage the effects of your original surgery
4. Removal of abdominal adhesions
Months and even years after successful intestinal surgeries, patients can develop painful adhesions — basically scar tissue. Doctors must treat them as soon as possible otherwise the patient could get really sick. Unfortunately, abdominal adhesions removal comes with a 22% mortality rate, especially for older people.
Next: This surgery has an abnormally high mortality rate.
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving making a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access to the abdominal cavity. Its mortality rate is a whopping 23.76%, but that’s because the surgeries are exploratory. The patients tend to be quite ill when this procedure occurs. Sometimes their condition is too grave for further operations.
Next: This procedure includes the removal of part of the skull.
Brain surgery is dangerous — there’s no doubt about that. But a craniectomy is especially brutal because it requires that the piece of skull removed to access the brain is not replaced after the surgery is complete, meaning the patient is at risk for brain damage. Excessive buildup of fluid in the brain, stroke, seizures, spinal fluid leakage, and swelling of the brain are common, which can all be fatal.
According to a 2013 study, the “30-day mortality rate was 26.4% in traumatically brain-injured patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy.”
Next: This life-changing surgery has a huge mortality rate.
1. Carotid artery stenting
A narrowed carotid artery must be opened, otherwise a patient could have a stroke. To do this, a surgeon will insert a stent into a major artery — usually the femoral artery in the upper leg — and thread it through the patient’s arteries until it reaches the carotid. He or she inflates a balloon through the stent to open the carotid.
Sadly, a 2015 study found that the risk can outweigh the reward; carotid stenting has a 32% mortality rate at two years after the procedure.
Next: Here’s how to cope with the danger of surgery.
How to deal with surgery fear
All surgical procedures are nerve-wracking. If you feel anxious about your scheduled surgery, you’re not alone. You can minimize your surgery risks by staying as healthy as possible beforehand. Get plenty of rest, exercise, eat a healthy diet, and make sure you take your medications. If you’re still struggling, talk to your doctor.