Section II. State nature reserves

About state nature reserves, see also:
Federal Law of January 10, 2002 N 7-ФЗ, "On Environmental Protection";
Decree of the Government of the RSFSR of December 18, 1991 N 48


Article 6. General Provisions

1. On the territory of state nature reserves, completely protected from economic use are specially protected natural complexes and objects (land, water bodies, subsoil, flora and fauna) that have environmental, scientific, ecological and educational value as examples of the natural environment, typical or rare landscapes, places of conservation of the genetic fund of flora and fauna.

State nature reserves are environmental, research and environmental education institutions with the aim of preserving and studying the natural course of natural processes and phenomena, the genetic stock of flora and fauna, certain species and communities of plants and animals, typical and unique ecological systems.

2. Land, water bodies, subsoil, flora and fauna located on the territories of state natural reserves shall be granted to use (possession) of state natural reserves on the rights provided for by federal laws.

The property of state nature reserves is federal property.

Buildings, structures, historical, cultural and other real estate objects are assigned to state natural reserves on the right of operational management.

It is prohibited to seize or otherwise terminate rights to land and other natural resources that are included in state nature reserves.

Natural resources and immovable property of state natural reserves are completely withdrawn from circulation (they cannot be alienated and pass from one person to another by other means).

3. The provision on a specific state natural reserve, its status shall be approved by the body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation.


Article 7. Objectives of state nature reserves

The following tasks are assigned to state nature reserves:

a) implementation of the protection of natural areas in order to preserve biological diversity and maintain the natural state of protected natural complexes and objects;

b) the organization and conduct of scientific research, including the maintenance of the Annals of Nature;

c) implementation of environmental monitoring within the framework of the national environmental monitoring system;

d) environmental education;

e) participation in the state environmental impact assessment of projects and schemes for the placement of economic and other objects;

(e) Assistance in the training of scientific personnel and specialists in the field of environmental protection.


Article 8. Procedure for the formation of state natural reserves

1. The State Nature Reserve is established by a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, adopted at the suggestion of the federal executive body in the field of environmental protection. The expansion of the territory of the state natural reserve is carried out in the same manner.

2. The state authorities of the Russian Federation, in charge of which the newly created state nature reserves are in charge, determine the terms and stages of the formation of the organizational and economic infrastructure corresponding to the state nature reserve as an environmental institution. In the period preceding the creation of this infrastructure, control over the observance of the state natural reserve regime is carried out by the relevant federal executive bodies or other bodies authorized by them.

3. Protective zones with a limited regime of nature use are created in the areas of land and water space adjacent to the territories of state natural reserves.

4. The decision on the formation of a protected zone of the state natural reserve is made and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.


Article 9. The regime of special protection of the territories of state natural reserves

1. On the territory of the state natural reserve, any activity that is contrary to the tasks of the state natural reserve and the regime of special protection of its territory established in the regulations on this state natural reserve is prohibited.

The introduction of living organisms for the purpose of their acclimatization is prohibited in the territories of state nature reserves.

2. On the territories of the state natural reserves, activities and activities aimed at:

a) preservation in the natural state of natural complexes, restoration and prevention of changes in natural complexes and their components as a result of anthropogenic impact;

b) maintaining conditions ensuring sanitary and fire safety;

c) prevention of conditions capable of causing natural disasters that threaten the lives of people and localities;

d) implementation of environmental monitoring;

e) performing research tasks;

e) conducting environmental education work;

g) implementation of control and supervisory functions.

3. In the state nature reserves can be allocated areas in which any human intervention in natural processes is excluded.

The sizes of these sites are determined based on the need to preserve the entire natural complex in its natural state.

4. In specially designated areas of partial economic use, which do not include particularly valuable ecological systems and objects, for the sake of preservation of which the state natural reserve was created, activities are allowed which are aimed at ensuring the functioning of the state natural reserve and the life of citizens living on its territory in accordance with the approved individual regulations on this state natural reserve.

5. The stay on the territory of the state natural reserves of citizens who are not employees of these reserves, or officials who are not employees of the authorities in charge of these reserves, is allowed only with the permission of these bodies or directorates of state natural reserves.


Article 10. State Natural Biosphere Reserves

1. The status of state-owned natural biosphere reserves is owned by state-owned nature reserves, which are part of the international system of biosphere reserves that carry out global environmental monitoring.

2. For the purposes of conducting scientific research, environmental monitoring, as well as testing and introducing environmental management methods that do not destroy the environment and do not deplete biological resources, the territories of biospheric polygons, including those with a differentiated regime of protection and operation.

3. The specific regime of special protection of the territories of the biosphere polygon is established in accordance with the regulations on it approved by the state bodies in charge of the state natural biosphere reserves.


Article 11. Features of the legal status of state natural reserves

1. State nature reserves are legal entities that do not have profit-making as a goal, that is, they are non-profit organizations and are created in the form of an environmental institution funded from the federal budget.

2. State nature reserves shall, in accordance with the established procedure, dispose of the following means:

- from scientific, environmental, advertising, publishing and other activities that do not contradict the tasks of state nature reserves;

- on account of compensation for damage caused to natural complexes and objects located on the territories of state natural reserves;

- from the sale of hunting, fishing, and illegal use of natural resources tools confiscated in the prescribed manner;

- in the form of free aid and charitable contributions.

3. Penalties imposed by the administrative procedure for environmental offenses recovered by decisions of officials of state nature reserves are entered into an independent disposal of state nature reserves and are recorded on a separate balance sheet.

4. State nature reserves have the right to have their own symbols (flags, pennants, emblems and others). The procedure for approving, using and protecting the symbols of state natural reserves is established by the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation.

5. Production of graphic, printed, souvenir and other replicated products and consumer goods using images of natural and historical-cultural complexes and objects located in the territories of state nature reserves, as well as their names and symbols, is carried out with the permission of the directorates of state nature reserves.

6. Terminated from January 1, 2005

7. The location of a state natural reserve in the territories of two or more constituent entities of the Russian Federation cannot be a reason for violating its territorial integrity or changing its status.