Article 14. The procedure for the formation of national parks

National parks are established by a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, adopted on the basis of a representation of the state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the federal executive body in the field of environmental protection.
Article 15. The regime of special protection of national parks1. On the territories of national parks, a differentiated regime of special protection is established, taking into account their natural, historical, cultural and other features. Based on these features, various functional areas can be distinguished in the national parks, including:;
a) reserve, within which any economic activity and recreational use of the territory are prohibited;

b) specially protected, within which conditions are provided for the preservation of natural complexes and objects and on the territory of which strictly regulated visits are allowed;

c) educational tourism, intended for the organization of environmental education and familiarization with the sites of the national park;

d) recreational, including those intended for recreation, development of physical culture and sports;

e) protection of historical and cultural objects, within which the conditions for their preservation are provided;

(e) Visitor services, designed to accommodate lodging places, campgrounds and other objects of tourist service, cultural, consumer and information services for visitors;

g) economic purposes within which the economic activities necessary for the functioning of the national park are carried out.

2. In the territories of national parks, any activity that may damage natural complexes and flora and fauna objects, cultural and historical objects and which contradicts the goals and objectives of the national park is prohibited, including:
a) exploration and development of mineral resources;

b) activities involving a disturbance of the soil cover and geological outcropsies;

c) activities entailing changes in the hydrological regime;

d) provision of horticultural and summer cottage plots on the territories of national parks;

e) construction of main roads, pipelines, power lines and other communications, as well as construction and operation of economic and residential facilities not related to the functioning of national parks;

f) harvesting of wood (except for citizens harvesting wood for their own needs), saping, harvesting, commercial fishing and coastal fishing, harvesting of forest resources (food forest resources) and other non-timber forest resources for consumption (with the exception of citizens harvesting such resources for their own needs), activities that entail a violation of the habitat conditions of flora and fauna objects, the collection of biological collections, the introduction of living organisms into firs acclimatization;

g) the movement and parking of mechanized vehicles, not related to the functioning of national parks, the running of domestic animals outside public roads and waterways and outside the specially designated places, the rafting of wood on water courses and bodies of water;

h) the organization of mass sports and entertainment events, the organization of tourist camps and making fires outside the specially designated places for this;

i) the export of items of historical and cultural value.

3. In national parks located in areas inhabited by the indigenous population, the allocation of zones of traditional extensive nature management is allowed. In specially designated areas, traditional economic activities, handicraft and folk crafts, as well as the associated use of natural resources associated with them are allowed in consultation with the directorates of national parks.

4. On the lands included in the borders of the national park without withdrawal from the economic exploitation, the expansion and construction of new economic objects are limited. The mode of use of these lands is determined by the provision approved by the state body in charge of a specific national park, in coordination with the executive authorities of the relevant subjects of the Russian Federation.

With the federal executive authorities in the field of environmental protection issues of socio-economic activity of economic entities, as well as development projects of settlements located in the territories of the respective national parks and their protected zones are being coordinated.

By decision of the Government of the Russian Federation, the construction, reconstruction and operation of sports and recreation facilities, sports and sports facilities and engineering, transport and social infrastructures are allowed in the respective functional areas.

5. The differentiated regime of special protection (functional zoning) of national parks is established by an authorized federal executive body.

Article 16. Peculiarities of the legal status of national parks

1. National parks are legal entities that do not have profit-making as a goal, that is, they are non-profit organizations and are created in the form of an environmental institution funded from the federal budget.

2. The means of national parks, which they dispose of in accordance with the established procedure, are the following funds received by national parks:

a) from educational, recreational, scientific, advertising, publishing and other activities that do not contradict the tasks entrusted to them;

b) as a rent, in compensation for damage caused to natural complexes and objects located in the territories of national parks;

c) from the sale of hunting, fishing, and illegal use of natural resources tools confiscated in accordance with the established procedure;

d) in the form of free aid and charitable contributions.

3. Penalties imposed by the administrative procedure for environmental offenses recovered by orders of national park officials are entered into an independent disposal of national parks and are recorded on a separate balance sheet.

4. A national park may act as a founder and participate in the activities of foundations, associations and other organizations that contribute to the development of national parks.

5. Land plots within the boundaries of national parks, as well as buildings, structures and premises located on them are not subject to privatization.

6. Terminated from January 1, 2005

7. National parks have the right to have their own symbols (flags, pennants, emblems and others). The procedure for approval, use and protection of national park symbols is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

8. Production of graphic, printed, souvenir and other replicated products and consumer goods using images and copies of natural historical and cultural objects (except for those owned by religious associations) located in the territories of national parks, valuables from the museum funds of national parks permits of the directorates of national parks.

9. The location of national parks in the territories of two or more constituent entities of the Russian Federation cannot be a basis for violation of their territorial integrity or status change.

Article 17. Organization of recreational activities in the territories of national parks

1. Organization of recreational activities, including physical training, health and sports activities in the national parks is carried out in compliance with the special protection regime of national parks.

2. In order to organize recreational activities, including sports and recreational and sports activities, land in the respective functional areas may be provided to citizens and legal entities in the lease in accordance with land legislation.

3. The procedure for preparing and concluding a lease agreement for a land plot located within the boundaries of the respective functional zones is established by the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation.

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