Section V. State Natural Reserves

About state natural reserves, see also:
Federal Law of January 10, 2002 N 7-ФЗ "On Environmental Protection".


Section 22. General Provisions

1. State natural reserves are territories (waters) that are of particular importance for the preservation or restoration of natural complexes or their components and the maintenance of ecological balance.

2. The declaration of a territory as a state natural reserve is allowed both with withdrawal and without withdrawal from users, owners and owners of land plots.

3. State natural reserves may be of federal or regional significance.

4. State natural reserves may have a different profile, including being:

a) complex (landscape), designed to preserve and restore natural systems (natural landscapes);

b) biological (botanical and zoological) intended for the preservation and restoration of rare and endangered plant and animal species, including valuable species in economic, scientific and cultural relations;

c) paleontological, intended for the conservation of fossil objects;

d) hydrological (swamp, lake, river, sea), designed to preserve and restore valuable water bodies and ecological systems;

e) geological, designed to preserve valuable objects and complexes of inanimate nature.

5. Federal state nature reserves are under the jurisdiction of federal executive bodies in the field of environmental protection and are financed from the federal budget and other sources not prohibited by law.

6. The subordination and procedure for financing the directorates of state natural reserves of regional importance are determined by the relevant state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

7. Effective from January 1, 2005

8. To ensure the functioning of state natural reserves, their administrations are created.


Article 23. The procedure for the formation of state natural reserves

1. Federal state nature reserves are established by a decision of the Government of the Russian Federation on the basis of a submission from the federal executive body in the field of environmental protection.

2. State natural reserves of regional significance are formed by the executive authorities of the relevant subjects of the Russian Federation in coordination with the relevant local authorities.

In cities of federal significance Moscow and St. Petersburg, the powers of local self-government bodies of intracity municipalities to establish state natural reserves are determined taking into account the specifics of organizing local self-government in cities of federal importance provided for by federal law.


Article 24. The regime of special protection of the territories of state natural reserves

1. In the territories of state natural reserves, any activity is permanently or temporarily prohibited or limited if it is contrary to the goals of creating state natural reserves or harming natural complexes and their components.

2. Tasks and peculiarities of the regime of special protection of the territory of a specific state natural reserve of federal significance are determined by the regulations approved by the federal executive body in the field of environmental protection.

3. The tasks and features of the special protection regime of a specific state natural reserve of regional significance are determined by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that have decided to create this state natural reserve.

4. In the territories of state nature reserves, where small ethnic communities live, it is allowed to use natural resources in forms that ensure the protection of the original habitat of these ethnic communities and the preservation of their traditional way of life.

5. Owners, owners and users of land plots that are located within state natural reserves shall be obliged to observe the regime of special protection established in state natural reserves and shall bear administrative, criminal and other responsibility established by law for its violation.