Section VIII. Medical and recreational areas and resorts

About medical and recreational areas and resorts, see also:
Federal Law of January 10, 2002 N 7-ФЗ, "On Environmental Protection";
Federal Law of February 23, 1995 N 26-ФЗ, "On natural healing resources, therapeutic and recreational areas and resorts".


Section 31. General Provisions

1. Territories (waters) suitable for organizing the treatment and prevention of diseases, as well as recreation of the population and possessing natural healing resources (mineral waters, curative mud, brine estuaries and lakes, healing climate, beaches, parts of water areas and inland seas, other natural objects and conditions), can be attributed to health and fitness areas.

2. Medical and recreational areas and resorts are allocated for the purpose of their rational use and ensuring the preservation of their natural healing resources and health properties.

3. Medical and recreational areas and resorts may have federal, regional or local significance.

4. The assignment of territories (water areas) to health resorts and resorts is carried out in the manner established by the federal law on natural curative resources, health resorts and resorts.

5. Mastered and used for therapeutic and preventive purposes, the territories that have natural curative resources, as well as have the necessary buildings and facilities for their operation, including infrastructure facilities, are resorts.


Article 32. The regime of special protection of medical and recreational areas and resorts

1. Within the boundaries of medical and recreational areas and resorts prohibited (limited) activities that may lead to a deterioration in the quality and depletion of natural resources and objects with therapeutic properties.

2. In order to preserve the natural factors favorable for organizing the treatment and prevention of diseases of the population, in the territories of therapeutic and recreational areas and resorts there are organized sanitary or mountain sanitary protection districts.


See. Rules for the development and protection of mineral water deposits and therapeutic muds, approved by the decision of the Gosgortekhnadzor of the Russian Federation of June 6, 2003 N 72


3. For medical and recreational areas and resorts, where natural medicinal resources belong to the subsoil (mineral waters, therapeutic mud and others), the districts of mountain and sanitary protection are established. In other cases, the district established sanitary protection. The outer contour of the district of sanitary (mountain sanitary) protection is the boundary of the therapeutic and recreational area or resort.

4. The order of organization of the sanitary and mountain sanitary protection districts and the specifics of their functioning regime are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and the state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the federal law on natural healing resources, health-improving areas and resorts.